- Can understand simple greetings and some individual words but cannot understand the basic topic of a conversation.
- Can only produce simple greetings and a few international words.
- In reading they may understand simple signs and in writing be able to write disconnected words with spelling errors. (CEFR = A1)
- Can understand many simple expressions of everyday basic functions in familiar situations and sometimes understand what the basic topic of a conversation in English is.
- Can produce understandable questions and answers involving more than basic information.
- In reading can follow very simplified stories or information and can write a few simple but connected sentences on a given topic.
- Grammar is not always correct but the writing can be understood. (CEFR = A1-A2)
- Can understand the main idea of a general conversation in English but not in detail and can produce English well enough to take part if spoken carefully.
- Can also start a conversation by asking questions on a range of everyday topics and can perform most everyday social and practical functions.
- In reading can understand the full meaning (content) including details of simpler authentic texts.
- Can write short compositions using simple but varied structures correctly on a variety of non-specialist topics. (CEFR = A2-B1)
- Can understand general conversation involving fluent speakers, provided that some allowances are made, or occasional help given.
- Can produce well enough to make relevant contributions and to get satisfactory information from other speakers by questioning as necessary.
- Is functionally competent for all everyday negotiations except when there are completely unpredictable problems.
- In reading can understand the general idea of authentic texts and can write effective communications of information or opinion, but with a number of errors, or problems because of inability to handle some of the more complex structures. (CEFR = B1)
- Can understand well enough to hold a continuous conversation with a native speaker.
- Can produce language well enough to start new topics, change the subject, and generally take part in the management of the conversation rather than just responding.
- Can manage all normal life functions with ease, and manage linguistically with completely new situations. In reading, can understand the majority of any non-specialist, modern text and begin to respond to different ‘registers’ or types of writing.
- Can produce fluent writing on most kinds of topic and can use complex sentence structures without many errors.
A learner at this level should be able to achieve a good pass in the Cambridge First Certificate exam. (CEFR = B2)
- Can understand native speakers of everyday standard English, though may still experience difficulties with more complex interaction and themes.
- Can produce speech fluent enough to express feeling, to argue and maintain a point of view.
- In reading, can easily understand the majority of non-specialist modern text and respond to different ‘registers’ or types of writing.
- Can produce fluent writing on most topics and can use complex sentence structures accurately.
A learner at this level would be a suitable candidate for the Cambridge Advanced exam. (CEFR = C1)
- Can understand native speakers of everyday standard English, even when not being directly addressed, and can take part in normal interaction on almost the same terms as a native speaker.
- Can produce speech fluent enough to express feeling, to argue and maintain a point of view, or to express complex information to a listener.
- In reading, can use specialist books written in English to obtain specialist knowledge, can recognise and respond to different styles of writing.
- Can write fluently and with relatively few errors, not only on any topic but also in a range of styles.
A learner at the top of this level should be able to achieve a good pass in the Cambridge Advanced exam. (CEFR = C1-C2)
Based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
If you are still unsure about your level after reading this, please contact us about level testing opportunities (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).