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Professor Sandy

Job title
Professor of Fashion and Textile Design and Technology
College name
London College of Fashion
Email address
Professor Sandy Black


Professor Sandy Black has extensive experience in both the fashion industry and academia. As designer and director of the Sandy Black Knitwear label, she sold inventive fashion knitwear to prestigious stores internationally, and developed the successful Sandy Black Original Knitting yarns and pattern kits. Sandy then entered higher education and directed undergraduate and postgraduate fashion and textiles programmes, first at University of Brighton then London College of Fashion, where she developed the innovative multi-disciplinary MA programme in Fashion Studies. She was the programmes first director until 2005, then focused on fashion research, starting the pioneering Interrogating Fashion inter-disciplinary research cluster. Sandy has conducted academic review for many institutions and for public bodies; in 2014 she was an assessment panel member for Art and Design: History, Theory, Practice in the UK Research Excellence Framework.

Sandy publishes widely on fashion, textiles and knitwear design and their intersection with technology and sustainability. Her books include the co-edited volume The Handbook of Fashion Studies (Bloomsbury 2013 h/b, 2017 p/b); the internationally acclaimed The Sustainable Fashion Handbook (Thames and Hudson 2012, London and New York); the comprehensive historical monograph Knitting: Fashion, Industry, Craft (V&A Publishing 2012), based on extensive archival and contemporary research; and one of the pioneer texts on sustainable fashion Eco Chic: the Fashion Paradox (Black Dog Publishing 2008, 2nd ed. 2011 ). Sandy founded and co-edits the academic journal Fashion Practice: Design, Creative Process and the Fashion Industry (Routledge), published since 2009, giving a voice to the practitioner and integrating research, design practice and enterprise in fashion.


Research Interests

Design-led research in the context of sustainability; the intersection of design, arts, science, craft and technology; innovation in knitwear, fashion and textile design with particular emphasis on 3 dimensional aspects of design and realisation, incorporating mathematical principles, particularly 3D and seamless construction; sustainable and considerate design in fashion and textiles; the role of design entrepreneurship and new business models in fostering sustainability in fashion.

Research Statement

Sandy’s research focus is inter-disciplinary design-led research, within the context of sustainability. She develops projects that integrate old and new technologies and seeks new approaches to the design and creation of fashion-related products through the relationship between craft practices and advanced technology.

A key concept underpinning this research is the notion of Considerate Design, developed from the Interrogating Fashion Research Cluster in 2005: responsible design that takes into account the wider environmental, ethical, and social impact of products together with life cycle thinking, and the needs of individual users.

New contexts, new business models and increasing awareness of compelling environmental and social issues are stimulating new paradigms for fashion. As principal investigator of two EPSRC/AHRC funded projects, Interrogating Fashion and Considerate Design, both part of the inter-disciplinary research initiative ‘Designing for the 21st Century’, Sandy brought together fashion and textile designers, academics in engineering design, computing and material science, artists and researchers to discuss future ideas and changing paradigms for fashion in the 21st century. Following on from the Interrogating Fashion research cluster, Sandy led the inter-disciplinary Considerate Design project to assist designers in developing sustainable fashion products to ultimately reduce fashion consumption but increase consumer delight through personalisation enabled by technology and craft.

Recent research projects focus on the role of design and new business models in addressing sustainability issues in the fashion and textile sectors towards a more sustainable prosperity. These include the cross-UAL FIREup project, funded by the AHRC, a collaborative knowledge exchange platform researching ways to connect academic research with the designer fashion sector to enhance innovation and help build sustainable businesses;  and the Research Councils UK funded project What’s Digital about Fashion Design.

Through her numerous PhD graduates, Sandy has helped establish design-led research in fashion practice, integrating innovative practice and design-led methodologies with theoretical frameworks, in order to develop hybrid design researchers who can lead new thinking in a space that spans both practice and theory.

Sandy’s personal research continues in knitwear, utilising the potential of advanced technology for three-dimensional structures. Drawing on her background in both knitwear design and mathematics, her research explores new forms in the realisation of knitwear, using advanced technologies and design based on mathematical concepts of topology.

Research Outputs

  • The Handbook of Fashion Studies - Black, Sandy and Rocamora, Agnès and Thomas, Helen and Entwistle, Joanne and de la Haye, Amy and Root, Regina (2013) The Handbook of Fashion Studies. Bloomsbury, London. ISBN 9780857851949 (
  • The Sustainable Fashion Handbook - Black, Sandy (2012) The Sustainable Fashion Handbook. Thames and Hudson, London. ISBN 9780500290569 (
  • Knitting: fashion, industry, craft - Black, Sandy (2012) Knitting: fashion, industry, craft. V&A Publishing, London. ISBN 9781851775590 (
  • Trash fashion: designing out waste, personalised knitwear. - Black, Sandy (2010) Trash fashion: designing out waste, personalised knitwear. (
  • Reconciling Electronics and Fashion: Cute Circuit's Francesca Rosella and Ryan Genz in Conversation with Sandy Black - Black, Sandy (2010) Reconciling Electronics and Fashion: Cute Circuit's Francesca Rosella and Ryan Genz in Conversation with Sandy Black. Fashion Practice: Design, Creative Process and the Fashion Industry, 2 (1). pp. 105-120. ISSN 1756-9389 (
  • Considerate Design: Empowering fashion designers to think about sustainability - Black, Sandy (2010) Considerate Design: Empowering fashion designers to think about sustainability. In: DK:Lab Sustainable Fashion - Issues to be addressed. Laboratory for Design, Innovation and Sustainability at Kolding School of Design, pp. 52-66. ISBN 978-87-90775-04-9 (
  • Ethical Fashion and Ecofashion - Black, Sandy (2010) Ethical Fashion and Ecofashion. In: Global Perspectives. Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion, 10 . Berg, pp. 244-251. ISBN 978-1-84788-399-5 (
  • Knitting technology comes full circle - Black, Sandy (2010) Knitting technology comes full circle. In: In the Loop: Knitting Now. Black Dog Publishing, London, pp. 118-127. ISBN 9781906155964 (
  • Made in Future. The Considerate Design project was asked to exhibit its products at the ‘Made In Future’ exhibition in Milan. - Black, Sandy (2009) Made in Future (
  • Developing Considerate Design: Meeting Individual Fashion and Clothing Needs Within a Framework of Sustainability - Black, Sandy and Eckert, Claudia (2009) Developing Considerate Design: Meeting Individual Fashion and Clothing Needs Within a Framework of Sustainability. In: A Handbook of Research in Mass Customization and Personalization: Volume 1: Strategies and Concepts. World Scientific Press, Singapore; London, pp. 813-832. ISBN 9789814280259 (print); 9789814467292 (ebook) (


  • Michelle Hanks - K2tog: The hand-knitted gift and its status and value in the twenty-first century.
  • Zhirui (Kiwy) Huang, - Computational Fashion - Digitising Fashion Design and Pattern Making Process.
  • Lara Mendonca Guterres Torres - Towards a practice of unmaking: a strategy for critical fashion design practice.
  • Anna-Louise Meynell - Safeguarding traditional livelihoods: Addressing the impact of globalisation on handweaving practices in North East India.
  • Katherine Pogson - Deep fashion: craft values as transformative tools to create new relationships with fashion artefacts, and more sustainable futures for consumers and makers in the UK.
  • Reiner Rockel - Self-regulating, knitted fabric system capable of moisture harvesting to establish an aeroponic micro-environment sustaining plant life (practice based).
  • Rhian Solomon - Designer Facilitator: The Body as a Meeting Place for Advancing Collaborations between Design and Reconstructive Surgical Fields to Enhance Methods in Clinical Practice.
  • Emily Towers - The practice of mending: unravelling its effect on the wearer’s relationship to clothing.
  • Paul Yuille - Fast-fashion resource responsibility: how might raising the awareness of a UK fast-fashion consumer group through enhancing their understanding of the materiality of the sector, guide them to have more responsible resource use?
  • Anne Prahl - Designing wearable sensors for Preventative Health: An exploration of material, form and function.
  • Maria Tsakalidoubodyshape - Block Pattern adaptation for female adolescents with Scoliosis: An investigation into the feasibility of incorporating
  • Matteo Molinari - Crocheting Cultures: Contemporary craft practice in Italy and United Kingdom
  • Umar Hassan Jan - The Evolution of Khadi handwoven fabric in Pakistan 1947-2011
  • Shaza Sabbagh - Beyond Traditional Jewellery: How can digital methods inform
  • Flavia Amadeu. - Reflecting on capabilities and interactions between designers and local producers: through the materiality of the rubber from the Amazon rainforest
  • Emma Rigby. - Fashion Design and Laundry Practices: Practice-Orientated Approaches to Design for Sustainability
  • Jessica BuggNicolas CambridgeJulie KingCaterina Radvan,Martina Steinmetz - Interface: Concept and Context as strategies for Innovative Fashion Design and Communication: An Analysis from the Perspective of the Conceptual Fashion Design Practitioner.
  • Hormazd Narielwalla - Patterns as documents and drawings.