Jonathan Hardy is Professor of Communications and Media at the University of the Arts London. He writes and comments on media industries, media and advertising, communications regulation, and international media systems. His books include Critical Political Economy of the Media (2014), Cross-Media Promotion (2010) and Western Media Systems (2008). He is co-editor of The Advertising Handbook (2018) and is series editor of Routledge Critical Advertising Studies. He is a member of the editorial boards of Digital Journalism (Taylor and Francis), Political Economy of Communication and TripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique.